Learn about horse & pony coat colors with this guide, and test you knowledge by taking the coat colors quiz.

A pony's coat color means the color of his body and head, and his mane and tail. Coat colors are used to identify horses and describe how they look, along with face and leg markings.

Learn About Coat Colors

Chestnut

Chestnut

Chestnut horses (also known as sorrel) are a reddish-brown color with the same color or lighter mane and tail. They vary from light golden-red to dark brown known as Liver Chestnut. The mane and tail may also be a blond color, also known as a Flaxen Chestnut.

Liver Chestnut

Liver Chestnut

Liver Chestnut horses are a dark brown Chestnut color with the same color or lighter mane and tail.

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Flaxen Chestnut

Flaxen Chestnut

Flaxen Chestnut horses are a reddish-brown Chestnut color with the a lighter or blond mane and tail.

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Palomino

Palomino

Palomino horses & ponies have a golden colored coat with a white or cream colored mane and tail.

Bay

Bay

Bay horses & ponies have a brown or reddish-brown body with black points on their legs, and a black mane and tail.

Light Bay

Light Bay

Light Bay horses & ponies have a light red to almost golden yellow body color with black points on their legs, and a black mane and tail.

Blood Bay

Blood Bay

Blood Bay horses & ponies have a deep blood-red body color with black points on their legs, and a black mane and tail.

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Dark Bay

Dark Bay

Dark Bay horses have a deep brown red body color which can almost look black, with black points on their legs, and a black mane and tail.

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Brown

Brown

A Brown colored horse looks like black, but has a brown sheen in the sunlight. It also looks like dark bay, but not all points are black.

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Black

Black

Black horses & ponies have no brown or red hair. They may have white markings on face or legs.

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Grey

Grey

Grey horses & ponies are born with a solid base color such as chestnut or bay, and slowly become lighter grey as they get older. The greying process often starts when foals shed their baby coat, although it can take several years for the grey color to show.

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Flea-Bitten Grey

Flea-Bitten Grey

Some grey horses will keep flecks of their base color as they age and become lighter. Horses & ponies with these flecks of color are called Flea-Bitten Grey.

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Dapple Gray

Dapple Grey

Grey horses are born with a solid base color such as chestnut or bay, and slowly become lighter grey as they get older. The greying process often starts when foals shed their baby coat, although it can take several years for the grey color to show. Dapples can appear between the ages of 4 and 12 as the horse gets lighter as they age. Horses with any base color can dapple.

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Cremello

Cremello

Cremello colored horses are not white, but are cream colored from birth. They have a light mane and tail, pink skin and blue eyes.

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Dun

Dun

Dun colored horses & ponies have a golden colored body with a black mane, tail & legs. To be considered a Dun, the horse must have a dark dorsal stripe & many will display dark striping on their shoulders, legs & forehead. If they do not have the dorsal stripe, they are considered a Buckskin.

Buckskin

Buckskin

Buckskin horses & ponies have a golden colored body with a black mane, tail & legs. They are very similar in color to a Dun, although they will not display dark striping on their shoulders, legs & forehead, or a dorsal stripe down their back.

Red Roan

Strawberry Roan

Strawberry Roan horses & ponies, also known as Red Roan, have a chestnut base coat with white hairs mixed in that creates a slightly mottled appearance. This creates a range of colors that have a pink tint to the body color. Strawberry Roans keep their base color on their heads, manes and tails.

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Blue Roan

Blue Roan

Blue Roan horses have a bay or black base coat with white hairs mixed in to create a slightly mottled appearance. This creates a range of colors that can have a blue tint. Blue Roan horses keep their base color on their heads, manes and tails.

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Grulla

Grulla

Grulla or Grullo colored horses have the Dun gene and appear to be mouse-colored or tan-grey.  They have dark tips on their ears, a dark face and legs, and have a dorsal stripe that runs down their back. Grulla horse & ponies often have dark stripes on their legs, forehead, back, shoulders or neck.

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Appaloosa

Appaloosa

The Appaloosa color coat has small round spots or speckles. They can have a dark base coat with light spots, white with dark spots, roan with patches of spots, or have a dark base coat with a white "blanket" and spots over the hindquarters.

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Pinto

Pinto

A Pinto colored pony has white colored patches plus large patches of black, brown, chestnut or any other colors.
 
Piebald is a type of spotting that has large patches of 50% white with 50% black.
 
Skewbald is a type of spotting with any other color and white. They usually have large patches of 50% white and 50% brown or chestnut.
 
Tobiano is a type of spotting with large smooth patches of white. The patches go over the top line of the horse’s back with white legs. It does not need to be 50-50 distribution of white and another color.

Overo

Overo

Overo is a type of spotting with large jagged patches of white. The patches do not go over the top of the horse or pony's back. Patches go under the horse’s belly. It does not need to be 50-50 distribution of white and another color.

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Play the Coat Colors Game

Drag the name onto the pony with the correct coat color.

Horse & Pony Coat Colors Quiz

Name:

What is the color of the pony or horse you ride? If you don't ride, what is the name of your favorite coat color?
What is the name of the coat color with large patches of white and black?

Name a coat of any color with small round spots or speckles.

What coat color has a golden body with a flaxen (white) mane and tail?

What is the name of the tan coat color with dark legs, mane and tail, with primitive markings such as a dorsal stripe and zebra stripes on the legs?

Which color contains chestnut hairs mixed with white hairs through the coat?

What is a Flea-Bitten Grey?

What is an Overo coat color?

What color horses (also known as sorrel) are a reddish-brown color with the same color or lighter mane and tail?

Leaderboard for the Coat Colors Quiz

1. Sammi: 88%
2. lisa: 88%
3. Bridget: 88%
4. Bridget: 88%
5. Bridget: 88%

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